From the testimony of Dr. Philip R. de Jong, a Dutch professor, called by Republicans to testify before the Senate Budget Committee (emphasis added):
The reformed Dutch DI scheme purports to cover only those that have hardly any productive capacity left, and to provide other workers with disabilities with strong incentives to remain active. The results for the first nine years of the operation of the new scheme show that inflow rates have dropped substantially to levels that are reasonable by international standards, and showed to be robust against the deep recession of 2008-2013. The incentive structure that steers the behaviour of employers and long-term sick workers proves to work.Even though de Jong presents the Dutch Social Security disability program as only covering those who "have hardly any productive capacity left", 8.3% of the Dutch population receives disability benefits while only 5.9% of Americans receive the benefits! The Netherlands only achieves its low rate of disability by requiring employers to spend large amounts of money on rehabilitation. The United States gets to a much lower rate of disability by a simpler route; it just denies most disability claims, imposing economic hardship on huge numbers of disabled people.